Official High School Basketball Rules: Officials and their Duties
1. Officials will make decisions on their interpretations of the rules for plays on, off, and around the court of play.
2. Officials oversee everything from 15 minutes before the game starts (they should be on the court 15 min. prior to the start of the game) until they leave the floor after the final score has been approved.
3. Officials should inspect all equipment at scorer table, balls, and baskets.
4. Decide whether a basket should count if the officials disagree.
5. High School Basketball Rules states that officials can declare a forfeit if they see fit.
6. Make decisions on outcomes where the timer and scorekeeper disagree.
7. Put the ball in play.
8. Do not allow players to practice at a dead ball.
9. Call substitutes onto the floor.
10. Officials should correct a rule if a mistake has been made. Some examples are: a. Failure to award a free throw.
b. If they grant a free throw that should not have be awarded.
c. It a FT is attempted at the wrong basket.
d. Incorrectly count or cancel a basket.
e. Allow the wrong player to shoot a FT.
11. These correctable errors need to be recognized and corrected after the first dead ball. Once the clock starts again, high school basketball rules, the error cannot be changed.
Official High School Basketball Rules: Various Definitions
1. A ball that touches a player or official is the same as the ball touching the floor at that location.
2. A ball handler, who dribbles from the backcourt toward the frontcourt, is only in the frontcourt once the ball and both feet pass the half court line.
3. Basket interference occurs once the ball in on or within the basket and a player touches the ball, the net, or any part of the basket.
4. High School Basketball rules state that basket interference also occurs when the ball is touched while it is in the imaginary cylinder above the rim.
5. Interference can also occur if a player puts their arm up through the cylinder of the rim to hit the ball.
6. Blocking is illegal when it impedes the movement of the opponent when they have the ball or if they do not have the ball.
7. Charging is illegal when there is contact caused by pushing or moving into a player's torso.
8. High School Basketball Rules states that closely guarded occurs when an offensive players is in possession of the ball and their opponent/defender is within 6 feet of them.
9. When a player attempts a shot and one of their teammates commits a foul, there is no continuous motion if the shot has not been released. If the ball has been released and is in flight, there should be continuous motion on the play.
10. High School Basketball Rules states that a dribble is allowed after it is batted into the air, only if the ball is allowed to hit the floor before the ball handler's hands.
11. An intentional foul should be called on fouls used to keep the clock from starting. These fouls are when the defenders create contact away from the ball or not playing the ball. High School Basketball Rules also states an intentional foul should be called when a player causes excessive contact with an opponent.
12. When guarding an opponent, it is an act of placing the body in the path of the offensive ball handler. The maximum distance to be away from an offensive player is 6 ft, but there is no minimum distance as long as contact is not made to impede the offensive player.
13. High School Basketball Rules states that a legal guarding stance is when the defender has both feet on the floor and they are facing the ball handler.
14. Incidental contact between two opponents should be considered incidental when it does not interfere from their normal movements. A foul should not be called.
15. When setting a screen, high school basketball rules states: the screener may face in any direction, time and distance are relevant, the screener must be stationary except when moving in the same path and direction as the defender.
16. When a screener approaches a defender from the side or front, the screener can be anywhere as long as contact is not made.
17. High School Basketball rules states that a screener that comes up to the defender from behind, the screener needs to give the defender a distance of one normal step backward without contact.
18. When a screener wants to set a screen on a moving defender, they must allow enough time and distance for the defender to avoid the screen.
19. High School Basketball rules states that the principle of verticality need to be preceded by a legally defensive guarding position.
20. From a legal defensive stance, a defender my rise or jump vertically (occupying their vertical plane).
21. The defender's arm may be raised (within their vertical plane) as the defender is on the floor or if they jump in the air.
22. If the defender moves any part of their body outside of their vertical plane, it should be called a foul.
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